Gardner Fox United States

20 May 1911 in United States
24 December 1968 in United States
57 years
Credited for


Also known as

Gardner Francis Cooper Fox

Bart Sommers (pen name)

Don (pen name)

Ed (pen name)

Ed Carlisle (pen name)

Eddie Duane (pen name)

Edgar Weston (pen name)

Gardner F. Fox (pen name)

Jefferson Cooper (pen name)

Larry Dean (pen name)

Lynna Cooper (pen name)

Paul Dean (pen name)

Ray Gardner (pen name)

Robert Starr (pen name)

Rod Gray (pen name)

Tex and Willis Blane (pen name)

Tex Slade (pen name)

Warner and Michael Blake (pen name)

Read more


Lambiek Comiclopedia

Who's Who of American Comic Books

Wikipedia (English)


Fox is best known for creating numerous characters for DC Comics, including co-creating the Flash, Hawkman, Doctor Fate and the original Sandman. He created the Justice Society of America and Justice League of America. He introduced the concept of the Multiverse in the 1961 story 'Flash of Two Worlds!'

He was also a science fiction author and wrote many novels and short stories. During the mid 1940s and into the 1950s Fox wrote for Weird Tales, Planet Stories, Amazing Stories, Marvel Science Stories and a diverse range of pulp magazines. While writing for DC, Fox wrote under a variety of male and female pseudonyms for publishers such as Ace, Gold Medal and Signet Books.

Fox stopped working for DC in 1968 when the company refused to give health insurance and other benefits to its older creators. He began to write novels full time.

In the early 1970s, Fox worked briefly for Marvel on The Tomb of Dracula, Red Wolf and 'Doctor Strange' in Marvel Premiere. In 1971 Skywald reprinted some of his earlier work and he worked for Warren on Creepy and Eerie. In 1985, he worked briefly for Eclipse.

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  • 1 Apr 2018

Last updated

  • 22 Jul 2019